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Title:
水力旋流器溢流管结构对微细颗粒分离的影响
Author: 刘鸿雁1; 王亚1,2; 韩天龙1,2; 黄青山2,3
Source: 化工学报
Issued Date: 2017-05-05
Volume: 68, Issue:5, Pages:1921-1931
Keyword: 分离 ; 粒度分布 ; 流动 ; 水力旋流器 ; 溢流管 ; 分离效率 ; 粒级分离效率
DOI: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20161478
Corresponding Author: 黄青山
DOC Type: Article
Abstract: 针对直径为50 mm的小直径水力旋流器,考察了溢流管插入深度和壁厚以及进口流量对微细物料分离效率的影响,并利用正交分析法得到了溢流管最优的插入深度、壁厚及最适的进口流量。此外,考察了两种套筒式溢流管对水力旋流器分离性能的影响。最后,在最优溢流管结构的基础上,探讨了分流比对分离效率的影响。结果表明:水力旋流器的直筒段具有一定的分离作用;对于微细物料的分离,溢流管采用薄壁且插入深度与水力旋流器直筒段长度相当的设计,有利于提高微细颗粒的分离效率。小直径水力旋流器溢流管的最佳插入深度比例大于大直径水力旋流器的最佳插入深度比例,表明它们的分离行为存在着较大的差异。
English Abstract: The separation efficiencies were compared under different vortex finder lengths, thickness and flow rates in a small hydrocyclone with the diameter of 50 mm, and the optimal insertion depth, wall thickness of the vortex finder and flow rate were obtained by using the method of orthogonal design. In addition, the influence of vortex finders with tube-in-tube structure in the hydrocyclone on the separation efficiency was investigated. Finally, the relationship between the split ratio and separation efficiency was analyzed on the basis of the optimal structure for the vortex finder. The experimental results show that the cylindrical part of the hydrocyclone plays an important preliminary separation role. For the separation of fine particles, a thin vortex finder which is extended to the junction between the cylindrical and the conical parts is beneficial to the separation efficiency. The optimum proportion of the vortex finder insertion depth to the hydrocyclone diameter in the small hydrocyclone is bigger than those in the big ones, and it is indicated that there is a remarkable difference of separation between them.
WOS Subject: Engineering
WOS Subject Extended: chemical engineering
WOS Keyword Plus: separation ; particle size distribution ; flow ; hydrocyclone ; vortex finder ; separation efficiency ; grade separation efficiency
Indexed Type: EI
Project Number: 2016YFB0301701 ; 91434114,21376254 ; YZ201641
Project: 国家重点研发计划项目 ; 国家自然科学基金项目 ; 中国科学院科研装备研制项目
Funder: 国家自然科学基金委员会 ; 中国科学院
Language: 中文
WOS ID: CSCD:5981402
Rank: (1)河北工业大学化工学院;(2)中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所;(3) 中国科学院过程工程研究所
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Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.qibebt.ac.cn/handle/337004/9914
Appears in Collections:反应工程团队_期刊论文

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description.institution: 1.河北工业大学化工学院
2.中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所
3.中国科学院过程工程研究所

Recommended Citation:
刘鸿雁,王亚,韩天龙,等. 水力旋流器溢流管结构对微细颗粒分离的影响[J]. 化工学报,2017,68(5):1921-1931.
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