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Saliva microbiomes distinguish caries-active from healthy human-populations
6. Yang F; Zeng XW; Ning K; Liu KL; Lo CC; Wang W; Chen J; Wang DM; Huang RR; Chang XZ; Chain PS; Xie G; Ling JQ; Xu J
2011
Source PublicationISME J
Issue10
Abstract

The etiology of dental caries remains elusive because of our limited understanding of the complex oral microbiomes. The current methodologies have been limited by insufficient depth and breadth of microbial sampling, paucity of data for diseased hosts particularly at the population level, inconsistency of sampled sites and the inability to distinguish the underlying microbial factors. By cross-validating 16S rRNA gene amplicon-based and whole-genome-based deep-sequencing technologies, we report the most in-depth, comprehensive and collaborated view to date of the adult saliva microbiomes in pilot populations of 19 caries-active and 26 healthy human hosts. We found that: first, saliva microbiomes in human population were featured by a vast phylogenetic diversity yet a minimal organismal core; second, caries microbiomes were signiicantly more variable in community structure whereas the healthy ones were relatively conserved; third, abundance changes of certain taxa such as overabundance of Prevotella Genus distinguished caries microbiota from healthy ones, and furthermore, caries-active and normal individuals carried different arrays of Prevotella species; and finally, no ‘caries-specific’ operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected, yet 147 OTUs were ‘caries associated’, that is, differentially distributed yet present in both healthy and caries-active populations. These findings underscored the necessity of species- and strain-level resolution for caries prognosis, and were consistent with the ecological hypothesis where the shifts in community structure, instead of the presence or absence of particular groups of microbes, underlie the cariogenesis.

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The etiology of dental caries remains elusive because of our limited understanding of the complex oral microbiomes. The current methodologies have been limited by insufficient depth and breadth of microbial sampling, paucity of data for diseased hosts particularly at the population level, inconsistency of sampled sites and the inability to distinguish the underlying microbial factors. By cross-validating 16S rRNA gene amplicon-based and whole-genome-based deep-sequencing technologies, we report the most in-depth, comprehensive and collaborated view to date of the adult saliva microbiomes in pilot populations of 19 caries-active and 26 healthy human hosts. We found that: first, saliva microbiomes in human population were featured by a vast phylogenetic diversity yet a minimal organismal core; second, caries microbiomes were signiicantly more variable in community structure whereas the healthy ones were relatively conserved; third, abundance changes of certain taxa such as overabundance of Prevotella Genus distinguished caries microbiota from healthy ones, and furthermore, caries-active and normal individuals carried different arrays of Prevotella species; and finally, no ‘caries-specific’ operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected, yet 147 OTUs were ‘caries associated’, that is, differentially distributed yet present in both healthy and caries-active populations. These findings underscored the necessity of species- and strain-level resolution for caries prognosis, and were consistent with the ecological hypothesis where the shifts in community structure, instead of the presence or absence of particular groups of microbes, underlie the cariogenesis.

KeywordSaliva Microbiomes Distinguish Caries-active From Healthy Human-populations
Subject Area功能基因组
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qibebt.ac.cn/handle/337004/967
Collection单细胞中心组群
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
6. Yang F,Zeng XW,Ning K,et al. Saliva microbiomes distinguish caries-active from healthy human-populations[J]. ISME J,2011(10).
APA 6. Yang F.,Zeng XW.,Ning K.,Liu KL.,Lo CC.,...&Xu J.(2011).Saliva microbiomes distinguish caries-active from healthy human-populations.ISME J(10).
MLA 6. Yang F,et al."Saliva microbiomes distinguish caries-active from healthy human-populations".ISME J .10(2011).
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